Infinite animation iteration

19.03.24 #didyouknow

The other day I set up a simple animation of an object moving in a direction and wanted to detect when it would end. This was the html/css:

<div id="ball"></div>
.ball {
  width: 20px;
  height: 20px;
  border-radius: 20px;
  background-color: red;
  border: 1px solid black;
  animation: move 1s linear infinite;

@keyframes move {
  100% {
    transform: translateX(40px);

Which results in this:

The key to this animation comes from this line...

animation: move 1s linear infinite;

If animation syntax is newer to you this says we have an animation called move with a duration of 1s that moves in a linear fashion, and repeats an infinite amount of times.

When is it done ?

The idea I had in mind was to detect when the animation was complete and trigger something else to happen afterwards. For this there is an animationend event you can listen to on the object as so:

var ball = document.getElementById('ball');
ball.addEventListener('animationend', function() { 

But what happens ? Nothing.... The console.log is never executed. Why ? It may or may not be obvious but this is a result of the infinite declaration on the animation. With that specification there is technically no end to the animation itself, only iterations. Luckily there exists exactly that, an animationiteration event you can hook into to know when the animation restarts...

var ball = document.getElementById('ball');
ball.addEventListener('animationiteration', function() {
	//Do something cool :)

In this example the Do something cool is to display an iteration count value on the ball

One more thing ...

There also exists an animationstart event as well to use for whatever need you have, but it was new to me that animationend would not trigger after each iteration but it did make sense to then use the animationiteraion event. Below is a handy table of the 3 animation hooks available and what they do. Hopefully this helps someone on their CSS animation journey !

Event Triggers when...
animationend CSS animation completes
animationiteration CSS animation is repeated
animationstart CSS animation begins

~ Zano

Last Updated: 3/25/2019, 1:55:15 PM